RATIFY THE ERA NOW♀
Women are still not guaranteed equal rights under the U.S. Constitution. NOW has made ratifying the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) a top priority because equality in pay, job opportunities, political structure, education, health care, including reproductive health care, and education will remain elusive without a guarantee in the U.S. Constitution. An ERA would also make it significantly more difficult to roll back progress on women’s equality: an acute concern in our current political climate. NOW supports an intersectional interpretation of the ERA that uplifts the needs of all women including immigrant women, low-income women, women of color, women with disabilities, and the LGBTQIA+ community.
TIMELINE: 1 STATE to 38
Women are still not guaranteed equal rights under the U.S. Constitution. The Equal Rights Amendment is a proposed amendment to the US Constitution stating that civil rights may not be denied on the basis of one's sex, originally written by Alice Paul and Crystal Eastman and first introduced in Congress in 1921.
The ERA was reintroduced in 1971 by U.S. Representative Marth Griffiths (D-Michigan) and approved by the U.S. House of Representatives on October 12, 1971 and approved by the U.S. Senate on March 22, 1972, thus submitting the ERA to the state legislatures for ratification, as provided for in Aritcle V of the U.S. Constitution. The deadline was set for 1979 for state legislatures to consider the ERA and through 1977, the ERA received 35 of the necessary 38 state ratifications.
Phyllis Schlafly mobilized conservative women in opposition, arguing the ERA would disadvantage housewives and cause women to be drafted into the military.
IDAHO, KENTUCKY, NEBRASKA, TENNESSEE and SOUTH DAKOTA voted to revoke their ERA ratifications. In 1978, President Carter signed an extension on the deadline to ratify the ERA to 1982.
In 2017, the 45th anniversary of Congress' submission of the ERA to the nation's state lawmakers, NEVADA became the first to ratify and then ILLINOIS ratified in 2018.
VIRGINIA HAS A CHANCE TO RATIFY THE ERA, WHICH WOULD MAKE 38 STATES and FULL INCLUSION IN THE U.S. CONSTITUTION POSSIBLE.
LET'S MAKE IT HAPPEN.
Two different types of ERA legislation have been introduced in the current session of Congress:
Traditional legislation to ratify the ERA by the Constitution's Article V ratification process, and
"Three-state strategy" legislation to remove the time limit on the ERA's ratification process and declare it complete when three-fourths (38) of the states ratify, thereby retaining the existing 35 state ratifications as viable.
Imagine had Anita Hill testified after the ERA had passed. During the 2018 session VA citizens made great bipartisan progress. Early indicators are that the campaign is very well positioned for 2019. Not one more GenERAtion. #VA #Women
The ERA is heading towards a vote in the Illinois State House of Representatives, bringing us one step closer to constitutional equality! On May 16, SJRCA4 was voted out of the House Committee and will move to the House floor for a vote soon.
But we are not out of the woods yet! We still need Illinois constituents to call their representatives and ask them to support the ERA! Equity in pay, job opportunities, political structure, education, and healthcare will remain elusive without a guarantee in the U.S. Constitution. Contact your representative today and tell them to support the ERA!
Let's make sure Illinois becomes the 37th state to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment!